Janka Hardness Scale: 3684
Origin: Brazil and continental tropical America
Exotic, extremely hard wood
Most Ipe is milled in South America because it is the most cost effective way to mill lumber. This lumber ranges from 1-7′ lengths and 2 1/4″ to 5″ widths as to fit into shipping containers. Long lengths and wide planks can be obtained if necessary, however it can be quite expensive because larger boards are rare. The decking industry uses most of the larger material. This raw lumber is taxed heavily if shipped to the U.S. for milling to support the South American economy.
- Clear grade is the most common grade. This is color sorted for a deep, rich brown. Only the heartwood is used in this grade.
- Select and better Ipe has some color variation, including browns, reds, and yellows.